诗经 – The Book of Songs

《诗经》–雅

English Summary: The Book of Songs is the oldest existing collection of Chinese poetry. As one of the “Five Classic Works” stated by Confucius, it has been studied by scholars in China. The main contents of this collection depict social life of China.

我相信所有学过中文的同学们一定都背过唐诗宋词文言文,但却很少有人背过诗经。诗经是我中国古代诗歌的开端。它在先秦时期的名字还不叫诗经,它被古人称为《诗》。后来汉武帝将《诗》、《书》、《礼》、《易》以及《春秋》统称为五经,这才有了现代人所熟知的诗经。诗经的内容要主是周王朝由盛而衰五百年间中国社会生活面貌的形象反映,其中有先祖创业的颂歌,祭祀神鬼的乐章;也有贵族之间的宴饮交往,劳逸不均的怨愤;更有反映劳动、打猎、以及大量恋爱、婚姻、社会习俗方面的动人篇章。

今天我要为大家介绍的是《诗经》中的《雅》。被后人归类为《雅》的诗大多数反映的是周王朝时期贵族之间的宴饮交往以及劳逸不均的怨愤。其大多数的诗出自于贵族之手。《雅》的写作风格和《风》的相比较之下突出了古诗韵的舒缓又不失庄重以此来表现出古诗文雅的特色。说到这儿也就不难理解为什么这一类诗集要被称为《雅》了。

《雅》中我最喜欢的一首诗就是《采薇》 这首诗深刻的描写了远征在外的将士们怀念家乡的真情实感。这首诗的意境是忧伤的但与此同时也表达出了将士们为了保家护国抛弃了家中亲人这样舍己为国的爱国精神。那么接下来就请大家和我一起欣赏一下这篇《采薇》中最美的几句话吧!

采薇采薇,薇亦作止。曰(yué)归曰归,岁亦莫止。 靡(mí)室靡家,猃(jiàn)狁(yoú)之故。不遑(huáng)启居,猃狁之故。
昔我往矣,杨柳依依。今我来思,雨雪霏霏。 行道迟迟,载渴载饥。我心伤悲,莫知我哀!

There are 8 comments

  1. Spencer Gordon

    I was always so interested in the history of china since it is such an old country. This little bit of information has really reminds me why I take Chinese as a class.

  2. Rona Cao

    我好像从来都没读过这个,但是我觉得我真应该读一读,让我更加了解中国的文化。棒棒哒~

  3. Ashley Kwak

    Wow! It’s so cool that there is a song of books! Starting all the way from Confucius times, I respect that this book still exists and that it holds the oldest Chinese poetry. Also, it is even more interesting that it depicts the social life of China back in the day.

  4. Nathan Davis

    This article is so fascinating. I remember learning about ancient China in 9th grade and this article reminded me why I found ancient China so interesting. It was especially cool to learn about how the poetry written in ancient China is still remembered.

  5. Eric Wang

    This is such a good article, I never know so much about Chinese poetry turing into songs until this article taught me so it’s a great article and I learned so much from this article! Thanks so much!

  6. Dylan Swickle

    I love this article. It is amazing how Chinese poetry was turned into songs. I learned so much from your article, Tina. Thanks so much for sharing!

Post Your Thoughts