The Chinese language has quite a few differences that make it stand apart from any other language.
The Spoken Language
Chinese holds seven major dialects, different from other widely spoken languages such as English or Spanish. Based on where one may live in China, they would speak a certain dialect: Mandarin dialects, spoken by 71.5 percent of the population, Wu, spoken by 8.5 percent of the population, Yue, also know as Cantonese, spoken by 5 percent, Xiang, spoken by 4.8 percent, Min, spoken by 4.1 percent, Hakka, spoken by 3.7 percent, and Gan, spoken by 2.4 percent.
These dialects can have many differences. People from two different sides of China may not even be able to fully understand each other. For example, there is probably as much difference between the dialects of Peking (Beijing) closer to the northern part of China, and Chaozhou, closer to the southern end, as there is between French and Italy.
Although there are many different dialects in China, as of 1911, there is one official national language of China, 普通话(Pǔtōnghuà). Mandarin was chosen as the official language because is was the dialect spoken in the Northern Regime and especially Beijing.
The Written Language
The Chinese writing system was developed about 4,000 years ago. It consists of more than 40,000 logographic symbols, meaning that each character represents one concept. In addition, the Chinese writing system influenced many languages of East Asia, including Japanese. Did you know that Chinese used to be written from right to left in vertical columns?
What makes Chinese so different from all the other languages, is that one, Chinese doesn’t have an alphabet, but they form characters using a combination of strokes, in different orders. Also, Chinese is a tonal language meaning that depending on how you pronounce a word, you could be saying two extremely different things. Overall, Chinese is a remarkable language.